National projects implemented in Russia are complemented by a comprehensive plan for the modernization and extension of the main infrastructure. It provides for the reconstruction of 68 facilities in 66 airport complexes across the country. Including it is planned to build and rebuild 48 tracks. This work has already been carried out in several cities. Five of these facilities were put into operation in 2020. And on September 15, 2021, work was completed at Krasnoyarsk Airport, where the main taxiway was reconstructed. The first planes will take off there this fall.
Krasnoyarsk Airport now reaches 'staff' passenger traffic growth records. In 2017, a new terminal was opened here with a capacity of 5 million passengers per year, and from June 1, 2021, it became the second after Sheremetyevo. base for Aeroflot aircraft. All of this required modernization of the track. And now, instead of 12 flights per hour, the airport will be able to take up to 24.
The updated taxiway contains two layers of special cement concrete from 39; a total thickness of 66 cm, laid on a special crushed stone slab of half a meter. This allows you to receive and send flying ships with a takeoff weight of over 400 kg such as Boing 747-400. & Nbsp;
Full coverage & mdash; more than 2.5 km, area & mdash; more than 300,000 m² m. The latest Belgian lighting equipment allows planes to maneuver safely in poor visibility conditions. A separate area is equipped for de-icing aircraft.
In December 2020, as part of the Comprehensive Plan for the Modernization and Extension of the Backbone Infrastructure, the reconstruction of the auxiliary facilities of the airport in the Yakutsk village of Verkhnevilyusk was completed. Previously, passengers were served in a 1961 building that no longer complied with aviation regulations. The fuel and lubricants warehouse was over 80% worn. Instead of these demolished objects, new & mdash; a terminal for 35 passengers per hour and a consumables warehouse for 240 cubic meters. m of fuel.
As part of the plan to modernize and extend the main infrastructure of Yakutia until 2024, 16 airport complexes will be reconstructed. Verkhnevilyusk Airport became the first. Next come Yakutsk, Olekminsk, Nyurba, Mirny, Chersky, Zhigansk, Khandyga, Belaya Gora, Vilyuisk, Deputatsky, Sangar, Neryungri, Polyarny, Ust-Nera, Magan. & Nbsp;
And in Chelyabinsk, a large-scale reconstruction of the Balandino airport complex has already been completed. During its course, the track was enlarged, the artificial surfaces of the taxiways were reconstructed, the area of the apron was increased to 257,000 square meters. m, which can park 28 airplanes, a platform is equipped for their treatment with anti-icing fluid. The objects of the flight radio technical support have been improved, the lighting equipment has been replaced.
Thanks to all these works, the only all-weather international airport in the Urals appeared in Chelyabinsk. It is now ready to receive more than 2.5 million passengers per year, or about 900 passengers per hour. & Nbsp;
“ Today, 78 airports can serve international flights to Russia. It is imperative that the accessibility of international transport for passengers be increased & # 39; & # 39 ;, & mdash; noted in connection with the completion of the reconstruction of the Chelyabinsk air port head of the Federal Air Transport Agency Alexander Neradko .
Vilkitsky Island will become the second after Bely Island, which will be cleared of the garbage accumulated over years of economic activity. And that should happen next year. What contribution have the volunteers of the Clean Arctic project made? & mdash; & nbsp; in the report “ Arguments and Facts. & # 39; & # 39;
Test of strength
Vilkitsky Island is located in the Kara Sea like a crescent. It is sandy and flat, & nbsp; there is water so shallow that ships cannot approach it. The highest point & mdash; & nbsp; is only 6 m above sea level.
Salekhard's helicopter & mdash; 5 hours with refueling. In the car, volunteers from the All-Russian Student Rescue Corps (VSKS), “ Clean Arctic '' expedition leader Alexey Rudkovsky, as well as the Deputy Governor of the Autonomous Okrug Yamalo-Nenets Alexander Mazharov. He flies to make sure the guys have good living conditions.
Yes, it's summer, but it's the arctic. Therefore, immediately in a warm jacket! Photo: Clean Arctic
The volunteers showed the skills of a well coordinated job as soon as the order was given to charge. Organized instantly and quickly loaded personal effects into the helicopter. And on arrival everything was unloaded so quickly and smoothly. Some of the guys already knew each other & mdash; & nbsp; together, they participated in eliminating the consequences of the Yalta floods. Others saw their comrades in the organization for the first time, but everyone has the skills.
I wonder if there were many who wanted to do this expedition. They reply that there are 50 people, but they took away 8.
While we are invited here & mdash; & nbsp; there are already 10 employees of the Russian Center for Arctic Development on the island. They & nbsp; arrived here in July and brought heavy equipment with them. Their main task is & mdash; & nbsp; mechanized preparation of bulky scrap metal for subsequent disposal from the island. To put it simply, they cut large fuel cans in half, squeeze small barrels and other junk, and load it all into large half barrels. They will then be loaded onto a ship to be exported from the island.
Russian Arctic Development Center Expedition Leader Sergei Dyachenko and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Deputy Governor Alexei Mazharov (left to right). Photo: Clean Arctic
Deputy Director of the Sergey Dyatchenko Center , who leads the professional expedition, met us at the helicopter side. And from that point on, the arctic got hot for us, although that can't be said about the weather.
As the guys bravely threw the bags away, he persuaded the helicopter crew to drown the car and have lunch with everyone. And so we sat together in the wardroom, and Vladimir, the cook of the expedition, feasts everyone on homemade borscht, fresh bread, tea.
Seeing the young rescuers bending over the food, the elders smile: more to come when the work begins! & # 39; & # 39;
Alexandre Mazharov, who has already examined the cabins, the dryer, the kitchen, the shower room and the toilets, at lunch he gives instructions to the volunteers in his own way and remembers his youth in the construction brigades.
These guys are not just another generation & mdash; & nbsp; they are already born into completely different realities. But they still have the same enthusiasm as the Soviet-era construction brigades, and the same motivations.
“ Along with the experience and the desire to help not in words, but in deeds, to show your skills, this is also a test of strength. Yet more than two weeks in a narrow circle, in difficult natural conditions, without communication and with a large amount of physical labor & mdash; & nbsp; this ordeal & raquo ;, & mdash; & nbsp; explains his decision to go to Vilkitsky Island Yaroslav Blazheev of Crimea .
Volunteers came from all over the country: in addition to Crimea, from Moscow, Orel, Buryatia, Mari-El.
The natural environment of Vilkitsky Island is in good condition, despite the large amount of rusty scrap metal. Photo by the author
Who's in the kitchen?
The only landmark on the island is the & mdash; & nbsp; lighthouse, the only building currently in operation & mdash; & nbsp; Soviet Arctic module 'Horizon'. The harsh Arctic weather and conditions have of course influenced the external condition of the structure, but it performs its functions perfectly: & nbsp; the module is dry, warm and comfortable. & Nbsp;
Once upon a time there was a military base and a weather station. After the military and meteorologists left, decaying buildings and a large number of fuel barrels, cans, as well as unused fuel and oil containers were left. The clean-up started in 2017, & nbsp; then & mdash; the efforts of Yamal enthusiasts with the support of regional authorities and the participation of volunteers from different regions.
Now the public project 'Clean Arctic' appeared. Teams of volunteers work in different arctic regions of the country. The guys who arrived here don't feel like guests on the island anymore. They are as caring and tidy as their seasoned professional colleagues.
The work is in full swing. Author photo
Upon arrival the question arose of feeding the team which had grown to 24 people. There is no problem with the food & mdash; & nbsp; the main part was delivered on an icebreaker with the equipment. And with every helicopter arrival there is a new supply of fresh vegetables and fruit. Chef Vladimir, whose working day begins at 6 in the morning, & mdash; passionate. For example, an arctic day for islanders might start with & hellip; Crepes. Yes, tender and warm pancakes in the middle of the Arctic Ocean, and even with honey! But he needed an assistant.
Young lifeguards weren't ready to trade the romance of hard work in the arctic wind for the comfort of warm cooking. However, the problem was resolved quickly. Stone, scissors, paper & mdash; & nbsp; and the kitchen service schedule have been established for the entire expedition.
Scrap metal prepared for shipment. Photo: Clean Arctic
A walk around the island is a bit like a walk by the sea & mdash; & nbsp; strong wind and rain, foam and water under your feet & hellip; All the time, orientation is lost, & nbsp; thank you, the lighthouse indicates the direction of movement. In local weather conditions, volunteers spend most of their free time in the module. But they're in a hurry to get down to business in the crisp arctic air.
“ Such projects are simply necessary. Without them, Vilkitsky Island and other arctic territories would remain inundated with garbage forever, & mdash; & nbsp; explains the general mood of the guys Yaroslav Blazheev.
“ I am a future OBZh teacher, and having experience in the arctic zone, feeling the local climate in my opinion is important. This will help teach children & raquo;, & mdash; & nbsp; added by his expedition companion Alexander Pelintsov from Moscow .
The only landmark on the island & ndash; Lighthouse. Author photo
Before our arrival, the work here, I must say, was enormous: & nbsp; almost all of the scrap was towed to shore, most of the taller structures were cut up, compressed, made ready for shipment. But there is still something left & mdash; & nbsp; a few places which cannot be reached by heavy equipment, you can only clean by hand. This is what VSCS volunteers do.
Pavel Orekhov, an employee of the Arctic Research Station of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Earth Cryosphere Institute of the Tyumen Science Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences , who is also with us on the island, explains why the manual labor of the volunteers is necessary: “ It causes minimal damage to the surface. And any heavy equipment sinking violates the surface conditions of the ground, and permafrost can react to that. ''
“ They are awesome! & mdash; & nbsp; Sergey Dyatchenko praises the volunteers. & mdash; & nbsp; We couldn't have done so much without them.
Clean the arctic from man-made debris and ndash; this is very important, think the volunteers of the Clean Arctic project. Photo: Clean Arctic
During the time of the expedition, the Clean Arctic volunteers in collaboration with & nbsp; representatives of the Russian Arctic Development Center have already collected, compressed and & nbsp; prepared for & nbsp; over 3,000 200 liter barrels of fuel. In addition, each barrel first had to be dug into the & nbsp; silt, remove the washed sand and & nbsp; only then & mdash; & nbsp; in the press. In addition, the volunteers dismantled 5 destroyed buildings of the old military unit on 4 hectares, having collected more than 150 cubic meters. m of wood.
The volunteers returned to the mainland, and Dyachenko's detachment is still on the island & mdash; & nbsp; completes the preparation of scrap iron for shipment. In 1922, with the start of navigation, everything that is collected will be withdrawn. And then it will be possible to say that another arctic island has acquired its original form.
According to Pavel Orekhov, nature is recovering quickly. In Beloye, where the cleanup was completed last year, the surface coverage recovery rate exceeded expectations. And on Vilkitsky Island, according to him, the natural environment is now in good condition, despite the presence of a large amount of scrap metal.
“ The main danger lies in the containers with diesel fuel, fuels and lubricants, transformer fluids, & nbsp; this is what to remove. The Arctic is at high latitude here, and the activity of the microbiota that could process it is minimal, and it also has a short period of activity, ”he explains.
The only building currently in operation & ndash; Soviet Arctic Horizon module. Author photo
Alexey Rudkovsky has known the island since 2017, when the cleanup started here. He was one of the first enthusiasts. Now as the leader of the 'Clean Arctic' Project Volunteer Expedition He explains: “ The volunteers cannot participate in the loading of the ship. This process is either very fast (in good weather) and requires professional skills, or very long (in bad weather), when the vessel cannot disembark. Therefore, the guys on the current expedition have come to the end. ''
Meanwhile, the enormous work of cleaning up the Arctic continues. In the NAO, for example, Governor Yury Bezdudny took it under personal control. Here, as in other areas, hundreds of local residents are helping to clean up the Arctic. In addition, large-scale events are being prepared in the regions of Komi, Karelia, Murmansk and Arkhangelsk.
They are joined by Project Ambassador, popular host and eco-blogger Irena Ponaroshku. Thanks to joint efforts this summer, the scrap metal alone has already collected 600 tonnes. p>
Once the work is completed, you can admire the arctic sunsets. Photo by the author
Help The idea for the complete Arctic clean-up project belongs to the captain of the icebreaker “50 Let Pobedy” Dmitry Lobusov and the captain of the icebreaker, Hero of Labor of Russia Gennady Antokhin. The start of the project took place in the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation. At the same place, the All-Russian public organization “Green Patrol” launched the initiative to establish a special fund, co-chaired by the head of the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources, Alexander Kozlov. The project was supported by Rosprirodnadzor, ONF Molodezhka, VSKS, Clean Country Association of Waste Management Industry Operators, Norilsk Nickel MMC, Russian Railways, Orion and others.
The Russian Supreme Court has banned the breeding of farm animals in the gardens. This is reported by Rossiyskaya Gazeta.
The highest court considered the situation of a resident of the Volgograd region. The State Inspectorate for Land Use and Protection found a chicken coop in a woman's backyard, for which the landowner was fined 10,000 rubles. The publication notes that this is the minimum sentence for such an administrative offense.
Violators are fined 0.5-1% of the cadastral value of land, but not less than 10 thousand rubles. If the cadastral value is not determined, the amount of the penalty will be 10,000-20,000 rubles. & Nbsp;
to personal subsidiary plots, “said Maria Spiridonova, member of the Association of Russian Lawyers.
The only exception for placement on site will be hives for bees. However, they must be set taking into account the requirements for veterinary detention of insects. & Nbsp;
Previously it was reported that the State Duma will consider the Dacha Amnesty Bill on March 1, 2031.
Roskomnadzor plans to step up the search for banned content in images and videos on the internet, Kommersant reports.
It should be noted that for this, the Main Radio Frequency Center (GRFC) intends to launch the Oculus, powered by artificial intelligence. & nbsp;
15 million rubles were allocated for the development of the terms of reference of the system, according to data from the portal of public procurement. Oculus launch expected in 2022. The system will detect distribution of extremist material and pornography, drug propaganda, riot calls and suicide calls.
Documentation indicates that now research such content is done manually. New technologies will accelerate this process.
Earlier it became known that the company “ Vector X '' will be engaged in the development of the “ Internet Resource Monitoring '' system to identify prohibited information. By the end of this year, he must create the first step in a system for recognizing signs of propaganda of extremism and terrorism on the Internet.
In Perm on the morning of September 20, an unknown man opened fire on the ; Perm State National Research University (Perm State National Research University). There are dead and injured. The policemen who opened fire on Perm University were arrested. Emergency services are available on site.
In October, the new State Duma plans to consider the draft law on amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation. Journal Izvestia reports that the document proposes an extension of the dacha amnesty until March 1, 2031.
In addition, the bill implies & nbsp; the introduction of a special mechanism to provide citizens with plots of land in state or municipal property on which residential buildings.
The head of the committee on natural resources, property and land relations, Nikolai Nikolaev, told the newspaper that this amnesty was absolutely necessary for the population. He noted that he would make this mechanism permanent, because people love it. & Nbsp;
This opinion was expressed by the First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on State Building and Legislation Mikhail Yemelyanov. He noted that “ this is the right measure that serves the interests of a large number of Russians. & # 39; & # 39;
Earlier, the expert told AiF.ru that the suburban area could be withdrawn for state needs if a highway is built. In this case, the owner will be reimbursed for the cost of the site at the market price, as well as the related losses.
Each year Russia produces about 70 million tons of waste, of which only 4.5% is used. The rest of the garbage is sent to landfills for landfill. Besides authorized landfills, the capacity of which is practically exhausted, there are many unauthorized landfills that pollute the soil, water, air and harm human health.
Much of the waste is the “fruit” of our consumption. Being at home, people & nbsp; as a rule, & nbsp; throw a variety of garbage in a bag and then take it out to specially designated places.
But when a person leaves their home, they, unfortunately, do not care about the presence of debris under their feet. Each of us sees used coffee mugs, candy wrappers or face masks on the sidewalk, boardwalk or park every day. And, as a rule, passes.
Not everyone may know that the Russian Code of Administrative Offenses provides for fines for throwing garbage in public places: parks, streets, shopping malls, educational and medical establishments. For individuals, the fine can be up to 2,000 rubles, for legal persons & mdash; up to 5,000 rubles. But these measures do not seem to be working very well.
The carrot and the stick
And what to do, & nbsp; if the fines for violators of urban cleanliness are supplemented by incentives for those who report the facts of pollution? Such a proposal was expressed in the project “ 20 ideas for the development of Russia ''. entrepreneur and activist Dmitry Davydov … Its essence is to “ give the possibility to all legal entities and individual entrepreneurs who will install cameras on sidewalks, in the courtyards of residential buildings and buildings, to record violations … and to record violations … Act as authorized applicants. & # 39; & # 39; The state will share with them 50% of the amount of the fine collected from the offender. The Authorized Claimant will remit part of this amount to the person who notifies them of the violation.
Of course, there will be skeptics who find this proposition unfeasible for various reasons. What should I tell them? If we speak on the right side of the matter, then it is easy to pass the corresponding legislative standard. It will not be a problem to create an “ environmental police '', to which the state will give the responsibility for the control of cleanliness.
There are also no technological barriers. Additional video cameras & mdash; there are so many in cities & mdash; It is not difficult to establish, as well as to develop mobile applications that allow the transmission of visual evidence of violation in real time. And it is possible to introduce them into the personal identification program, which will determine the initial data of the offender. And almost everyone has smartphones with cameras.
The question arises: would anyone like to report the polluters of yards and streets? Surely, many will perceive this as a whistleblower, which is not held in high regard in our country. But given the social importance of cleanliness control and the real reward, students, retirees, housewives might well get involved in the common cause.
Collect, sort and dispose wisely
All developed countries have clear rules for the collection, sorting and disposal of waste, and a wealth of practical experience has already been accumulated. For example, in Switzerland, landfills have been totally banned since 2000. 75% of the garbage is recycled there, 25% is incinerated, but in such a way that heat and electricity result. Private companies are engaged in the collection and treatment of waste, and citizens and businesses sort nearly 50 categories of waste & mdash; from different types of plastic to different types of batteries.
In Russia, as part of the National Project & # 39; & # 39; Ecology & # 39;, calculated for 2019-2024, a & # 39; garbage reform & # 39; & # 39; & # 39; ; is in progress. Its purpose is & mdash; & nbsp; eliminating illegal landfills and switching to selective waste collection, sorting and recycling for reuse. There are already good examples in the regions. Thus, the real estate stock of the Sverdlovsk region is transferred to selective waste collection: 27,000 container sites have been built in the houses of 29 municipalities. They have separate containers for plastic and waste paper as well as traditional containers for sorted and unsorted waste.
There are other positive examples that can be cited in the Moscow region, as well as in the cities of Almetyevsk, Nizhnekamsk, Tver. But there is something alarming: according to the survey, only 25% of respondents use separate containers to collect garbage in their house/apartment. & Nbsp;
How to motivate irresponsible citizens? The project '20 ideas for the development of Russia' it is proposed that they be obliged to purchase specially supplied 'garbage bags, the price of which includes a special collection for sorting and disposal. »Violators must be identified and sanctioned by the environmental police. Indeed, why not introduce such a measure in Russia for the early realization of the whole “ garbage reform ''? Goals ?
Secondary & nbsp; does not mean bad
What in the world is not produced from waste! For example, in Japan, recycled plastic bottles are used to make sportswear, stationery, office furniture, and school uniforms. In Sweden, biogas is obtained from waste, which is used for urban transport needs.
Modern incinerators are miniature thermal and power plants that generate electricity. In Germany alone, there are more than 100 factories of this type, where more than 18 million tonnes of waste is recycled.
The problem of waste disposal has also been taken seriously in Russia. As part of the national project “ Ecology & # 39; & # 39; state company Rostec jointly with Rosatom and VEBom.RF will build at least 25 waste incineration plants in regions, where previously sorted waste will be turned into electricity. Three of these factories, according to Rostec, have already been put into operation in the Moscow region. Each of them is designed to process up to 700,000 tonnes of municipal solid waste (MSW) and generate 70 MW of electricity.
Private companies will help to cope with the complete elimination of waste if they are involved in this field. For a quick fix to this problem, Dmitry Davydov, for example, offers to offer tax incentives to companies investing in the waste treatment industry. In the first 10 years, they will pay “ only 1-3% of the profits. '' provided that they install equipment oriented to world standards and corresponding to the most modern analogues and the most stringent selection criteria. & nbsp;
Such a measure would promote the activation of entrepreneurial activity in the country, increase the income side of the budget due to new investment projects and additional income from taxes and fees.
Eco-culture of young nails
Dmitry Davydov is also right that environmental education should start in childhood. It is in her that it is best to sow seeds for eco-cultivation. By the way, in Europe and Japan they are taught from kindergarten. Children are sensitive not only to the beauty of nature, but also quickly learn how to keep the room and yard clean, and how to clean up garbage at home and on the street. Especially when the learning is done in the form of a game.
In Russia, environmental education, although declared in the federal law “ on the protection of the environment '', has not become systemic & mdash; in part, children learn about its basics in biology lessons or the world around them. Eco-lessons in schools are optional & mdash; here a lot depends on the position of the director of the educational institution and the teaching staff.
I am happy that enthusiasts of public organizations implement interesting projects. One of them & mdash; created by the interregional movement “ ECA & # 39; & # 39; 'Ecoclass' educational portal, where 30 lessons are collected to help teachers, and in an interactive game format. For 6 years, about 60 thousand teachers have provided such courses in their schools for 2 million schoolchildren. & Nbsp;
And this is not the only initiative. In schools in St. Petersburg, eco-courses in Russian and English, for example, on food waste and greening vacations, are organized by the Bellona Environmental Law Center. This means that we have some good examples of & mdash; need to broaden the experience of activists across the country.
Since & nbsp; 2019 in & nbsp; Russia in & nbsp; as part of the national project “ Culture & # 39; & # 39; model libraries appear. With the & nbsp; new school year, as well as & nbsp; school doors for children and & nbsp; their & nbsp; parents, and & nbsp; new model libraries & nbsp; & mdash; comfortable spaces where everyone can read any book they like, focus on their homework, prepare for & nbsp; exams and & nbsp; just hang out with & nbsp; friends and & nbsp; loved ones, find and & nbsp; implement their creative project, register and engage in thematic circles. All this has become possible thanks to the national project 'Culture'.
TV and & nbsp; book reader
For model libraries, common model standards have been developed, but, despite the rules, each library takes an individual approach to its clients, tries to adapt to the needs of readers and national characteristics. The very first modern library spaces were opened in the & nbsp; Republic of Tyva, Orenburg region and & nbsp; Tver.
Now in the & nbsp; Kholchuk village of the Chedi-Kholsky kozhuun of the Republic of Tyva, another new model library is being prepared for opening. A comfortable reading space, a space of creativity for children and & nbsp; a large separate room for holding various mass events & nbsp; & mdash; conferences, conversations, creative meetings or master classes.
So that young readers can take a break from lessons, the library management has acquired a lot of board games and a whole interactive table for them. There is also a separate sitting area with a & nbsp; SMART TV and & nbsp; book reader. The model libraries & nbsp; also expect & nbsp; disabled people, we have tried to organize the space for them as conveniently as possible.
Green Theater and & nbsp; Tik-tok house
In the Ileksky district, Orenburg region, on September 9, a library of children's models was opened. The space of the new library is divided and & nbsp; each of & nbsp; performs a function of its own. There is a place to wait: you & nbsp; order a book, the librarian is looking for it & nbsp; for you, and & nbsp; you & nbsp; wait for your order in the & nbsp; comfort zone. And & nbsp; books in the & nbsp; library there are many, only in & nbsp; last year the book fund increased by & nbsp; 1722 & nbsp; books. Also in the updated library appeared an interactive table with educational programs and a set of games for the development of motor skills, attention, imagination, a graphite board for hand drawing chalk. And & nbsp; for the more restless and & nbsp; active in the & nbsp; new space, they built a climbing wall and & nbsp; a small hut where one can also read books. For children there is also & nbsp; experimental and cognitive development studio “ Experimentarium '', green theater with & nbsp; a real scene and & nbsp; curtain & mdash; there it is planned to show viewers & nbsp; & mdash; the guests of the library & nbsp; & mdash; theatrical performances with the participation of the young generation attending the UniArt studio. Here & nbsp; you can also use the & nbsp; National Electronic Library, which is also growing and & nbsp; develops according to & nbsp; the national project “ Culture ''.
They are waiting in the & nbsp; model library of the Ilek district and & nbsp; young bloggers. For them, the 'Tik-tok house' was invented and & nbsp; with & nbsp; own chroma key, where anyone can try to shoot an unusual video. In the future, librarians plan to develop their own account in & nbsp; TikTok to attract new readers.
The Ilek Neighborhood Library is distinguished by a special ecological emphasis. It even has its own 'green capsule', where rare houseplants are grown and selected. In addition to the main building, the librarians plan to use the courtyard space: in the summer they will set up a summer reading room with lounge chairs and sports fields.
Bought books for & nbsp; 750 thousand
The third model library was opened in the & nbsp; Tver in the & nbsp; Andreapol town. Here, thanks to the national project 'Culture & # 39; & # 39; made a major overhaul and & nbsp; completely renovated the library building.
“ We & nbsp; have tried to fill our library with the latest books, & nbsp; & mdash; says Natalya Belyakova, director of MU & nbsp; & bdquo; Andreapol Centralized Library System & ldquo ;. & mdash; & nbsp; Purchased literature for & nbsp; 750 thousand rubles. We had the opportunity to purchase interactive material. We have updated all the computer equipment, now we offer the children the opportunity to study, to do their homework. We also bought virtual reality headsets, now we have & nbsp; Diamond & nbsp; & mdash; studio & nbsp; & mdash; equipment, on which a lot of development programs are loaded, with the help of this studio guys can make cartoons. & Nbsp; we have a big new sign, an interactive kiosk with & nbsp; various information, a sand table to draw with sand, a landscape table with & nbsp; figure games, on which you can teach a lesson with & nbsp; schoolchildren, preschool children, simulate various situations, for example, learn road traffic rules. We have completely renovated the interior, put a lot of solid furniture. Now this is not a library of & nbsp; 1970s-1980s, but & nbsp; a modern space where everyone wants to come. And & nbsp; we had more visitors, in the evening the guys come after school, study, do homework, read. Many people say: & bdquo; Oh, I & nbsp; would stay here overnight & ldquo; or & bdquo; Oh, I & nbsp; would live here & ldquo ;. We have a cozy, warm, good atmosphere. Bright, juicy tones for an adult might look too flashy, but for kids it's just the right amount. In our new library, everyone finds something to do with their heart & nbsp; Everyone has their corner. I & nbsp; ni & nbsp; have not & nbsp; heard only one bad review from & nbsp; since we opened the updated library, everyone admires it. I am pleasantly surprised at how well we guessed the requests of our readers. All this they & nbsp; was not & nbsp; enough in & nbsp; our city & raquo ;.
From here & nbsp; 2024, the number of model libraries across the country is expected to be at & nbsp; not & nbsp; less than 787, in & nbsp; 110 establishments per year. However, the project is so popular that its implementation is ahead of schedule: 172 libraries were opened in 2020 and another 151 in 2021.
45 years ago was born Ekaterina Shidlovskaya , the winner of the official Miss Moscow beauty pageant in 1994. How was the fate of Katya and others beauties, I studied AiF.ru.
Model, poet and philosopher in one person
Ekaterina Shidlovskaya was lucky enough to be born into the family of a diplomat & ndash; his father worked at the Libyan Embassy. She got into equestrian sports, attended a model school. In 1993, & nbsp; entered the economics department of the Plekhanov Institute, having spent three months in a cast after a fractured spine. And already in January 1994 she won the Miss Moscow pageant, although heels and physical activity were out of the question …
Ekaterina Shidlovskaya, 1994. Photo: RIA Novosti
A few years later, Shidlovskaya became the vice-miss of the Miss International pageant and vice-miss 'Crystal Crown of Russia'. in Paris. In parallel, she took courses in the Literary Skills Department of the Literary Institute, the classes of Volgin and Levitansky. In 2003, she made her debut with a collection of poems On the Pieces of Night. Then she joined the Russian Writers Union. And in 2010, she graduated from the Faculty of Philosophy of Moscow State University.
– I would not be satisfied with the role of a simple model, even at a high level, – said Shidlovskaya in an interview, – in this case I would not be able to use all my intellectual potential and spiritual. And I have always easily and studied a lot.
And today Katya sometimes takes part in shows, photography. And he continues to write poetry.
From the police & ndash; on TV
The fate of the former policeman Oksana Fedorova, Miss Russia 2001 They wrote, however, that she had a close relationship with a crime boss. But this story is a thing of the past. Oksana defended his thesis, taught and received the rank of major. And she stomped on the television, becoming the host of 'Good Night Kids! ''. Today she is married to a presidential administration employee, the family has two children.
namesake of Fedorova Oksana Fandera the crown of the first official beauty pageant in the USSR “ Moscow Beauty '' in 1988, she lost, taking second place. But I have found my happiness in life. And, it seems, he doesn't regret anything. Fandera graduated from GITIS, married Philip & ndash; son of Oleg Yankovsky , actively turns. The couple raised two children and this summer they became grandparents.
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By the way, the winner of this “ Moscow beauty '' Masha Kalinina recently celebrated its 50th anniversary. Since 1990, she has lived in the United States. She played in the theater, starred in films. Now she is working as a trainer in kundalini yoga. Married.
Miss USSR-1989 settled abroad. Yulia Sukhanova … After giving him the crown, a crafty pulled out a large aquamarine from the jewelry. Under the terms of the competition, Julia was supposed to represent the USSR to Miss World, but she was not released from the country and was even forced to travel abroad. It was only after she told reporters about it that the situation was resolved & ndash; Julia is gone. And then she was afraid to return to the USSR, where her mother died under mysterious circumstances. In the United States, Sukhanova continued her modeling career, won an apartment and a house. Today, she is a part owner of a company that produces generators for mining. air.
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Post by stylist M. Vasileostrovskaya (@tanya_goldwell)
16 year old schoolgirl < strong> Anna Baychik from St. Petersburg won the 1993 Miss Russia contest. Later she graduated from the journalism department in her hometown and worked on television. And then she defended her thesis 'Political strategy of transnational media corporations in the process of globalization of the information space', becoming a candidate in political science and associate professor at the Institute of Higher School of Journalism and Mass Communications. SPbSU. By the way, Anna & # 39; s husband Anatoly Puyu is a professor, doctor of sociological sciences and & hellip; director of this institute.
From prison and bag …
However, fate was not so favorable to all beauties. Many disappeared shortly after the victory from the public eye, left, got into crime stories. And even & hellip; perished.
Vice-miss in the contest “ Miss Russia & ndash; 1993 & # 39; & # 39; Anna Malova from the Yaroslavl region went to seek happiness abroad, but turned out to be & hellip; in a mental hospital and a prison. On several occasions, the Russian woman has been involved in criminal cases, including the illegal acquisition and storage of prohibited drugs. Once released, she appears to stay living in New York. But then the traces of Malova, celebrating her 50th birthday this year, got lost … of Dagomys, shocked the whole country. At 17, the girl took third place in the Miss Sochi 1998 pageant. But her life plans were turned upside down by a criminal element, which Eleanor refused … Doctors did not give her the chance to go out & ndash; beauty's face was sprayed with sulfuric acid, 4th degree chemical burns were not compatible with life. Nonetheless, Kondratyuk found the strength to go further. Wrote the book I Thing Life, became a psychologist and got married. She seems to be fine now. And only a photo without sunglasses, Eleanor no longer takes & hellip; & nbsp; & nbsp;
Alexandra Petrova , & # 39; Miss Russia-1996 & # 39; of Cheboksary, the killer left no chance to survive. Four years after the victory and the model's dizzying career, Sasha was shot dead in a gangster showdown. She had a close relationship with the businessman Chuvilin , and the killer came to the entrance of the house for him and his friend, the manager of the local market. The bullet ricocheted & ndash; They failed to get Sasha to the hospital. The beauty was buried two days later. On his 20th birthday.
In the same year and in the same competition, Svetlana Kotova participated. I made it to the final, but couldn't win. Nevertheless, a well-known global agency signed a contract with her. And Alexander Solonik began to actively take care of the blonde. No one told the girl he was the number 1 killer, who escaped from a criminal group and justice in Greece. At the beginning of 1997, the body of the bandit was found in his villa. The remains of 22-year-old Svetlana were found a few months later & hellip;
Monday, September 20, in Moscow and the Moscow region, a third of monthly precipitation could fall. There hasn't been so much rain in the capital for over 73 years. About this great specialist of the meteorological center “ Phobos & # 39; & # 39; Evgenia Tishkovets posted on her page in & nbsp; Facebook.
“ In the Moscow region, most rains are expected in the western, southwestern and southern regions (Mozhaisk – 21 mm, Serpukhov – 20 mm, Naro-Fominsk and Stupino – 18 mm). In Moscow, up to 16-21mm of rain can fall, which is up to 1/3 of the monthly norm. There hasn't been such heavy rain that day (September 20) for at least 73 years, if not longer. Comparable, but less intense (13mm) showers were only recorded after 1948 in 1952 and 1959, '' Tishkovets wrote.
Where does the downpour in the capital come from?
The reason is a powerful North Atlantic cyclone that attacked the western regions of Russia the day before, and only in the last 24 hours has caused monthly rainfall in places.
“ This cyclonic armada of rain, cold and wind goes slowly, at a speed of 10-15 km/h, moving with an easterly heading, covering with its rainy influence almost the entire southern half of the Russian plain. Center for the atmospheric funnel will go to the west of the Bryansk region. The heaviest precipitation will be associated with a warm atmospheric front, the line of which will cross central Russia and the Chernozem region, ”Tishkovets added.
In addition, a cold north-easterly wind will blow over Moscow with instantaneous gusts up to 17 m/with. The air temperature at night will be only + 3 & hellip; +5, and during the day it will not exceed + 5 & hellip; +7.
This weather is not typical for September. According to the forecaster, the weather on September 20 will match the climate on October 16.
“ Nature will take us into the climatic future a month in advance. In such unfavorable conditions of strong wind and rain, the Baltic will also work. a syndrome where Muscovites will feel like it's colder outside than it actually is, ”Tishkovets explained.
In which regions can wet snow fall?
The cold October and the first wet snow early in the coming week will be felt by residents of several regions of central Russia, Tishkovets noted.
So, on the morning of September 20, wet snow mixed with a downpour can pass in places in the Moscow region (Sergiev-Posadsky district), in Tver and in some districts of the Tver region (Ostashkovsky districts , Vyshnevolotsky, Rameshkovsky, Nelidovsky) and in the Yaroslavl region (Pereslavsky district).
“ The collision of hot and humid Atlantic origin air and continental cold (last night's frosts were recorded in the Upper Volga region) will not only result in abnormal precipitation, but also the likelihood of their transition to a mixed phase. Under 'borderline' conditions weakly positive between phase transitions in air temperature (around +3), there is a theoretical probability of mixing rain with mosaic ice pellets in the short term, ”the forecaster said.
On Tuesday, September 21, according to the center Phobos, sleet, in addition to the western Tver region (Zharkovsky, Zapadnodvinsky districts), will be observed in the north and the ; western Smolensk region (Velizhsky, Demidovsky, Yartsevsky, Safonovsky, Dukhovshchinsky, Krasninsky districts).
“ Of course, the hypothetical snow will immediately melt when it falls, it is always in the air and the overwhelming majority of the people of central Russia won't notice it, ”Tishkovets said.