Launch of the Soyuz-2.1a carrier rocket with the symbols of Chuvashia and the image of a native of the republic, a pilot-cosmonaut, twice Hero of the Soviet Union Andriyan Grigorievich Nikolaev took place at 02:27 Moscow time on June 30 in Baikonur Cosmodrome.
According to the authors' plan, the Chuvash ring design bears the meaning of the three legendary national suns, resurrected in the sky. As noted by the head of the Chuvash Republic Oleg Nikolaev , the launch of such a rocket became possible thanks to the cooperation agreement between the Chuvash Republic and the state company Roscosmos signed earlier on the sidelines of St. Petersburg. St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.
The head of the region said that the idea was born during a visit by the director general of the state-owned company Dmitry Rogozin in Republic of Chuvashia. “ During our conversation we talked about space and astronauts, that Chuvashia is the birthplace of three cosmonauts, & mdash; noted Oleg Nikolaev. & mdash; This inspired to dedicate one of the rocket launches into space with the symbols of Chuvashia. & # 39; & # 39;
The Chuvash Republic is inextricably linked to space, many natives of the region have worked and work in cosmodromes, there are organizations of the republic that have established close cooperation with the rocket companies. -space industry, stressed Oleg Nikolaev.
Plot Direct line with the President of the Russian Federation June 30, 2021
June 30 & nbsp; during the direct line, Russian President Vladimir Putin said in & nbsp; at what games he & nbsp; liked to play in & nbsp; his childhood. It was all about hide and seek and beacons.
What are tags?
Tag & nbsp; & mdash; one of the most popular outdoor games for kids. In & nbsp; different regions, it's called tag, tag, catch, dexterity, quach, fishing, catch-up, ladya, kitsch, berak.
You can play it in & nbsp; outdoors or in the & nbsp; fitness room. The main thing is that the playing field is bigger.
How many participants must there be in the game & nbsp; ?
Any business can play tag & nbsp; When there are a lot of children, the game becomes more interesting. Typically, the number of participants is determined by the size of the site. In general, no & nbsp; more than 15 to 20 & nbsp; people do not participate in the & nbsp; game.
What are the rules of the game?
Before the game, the participants agree on the boundaries of the territory in which the game will take place. At the start of the game, the driver is chosen by counting or drawing lots, who will catch the participants in the game.
The game has several options. According to the first option, the one & nbsp; that the driver touches becomes a 'tag', and & nbsp; himself & nbsp;, on the contrary, becomes a simple player.
The second option assumes that the & nbsp; that the driver touches with his palm joins him & nbsp; and & nbsp; catch others with & nbsp; him. After catching the third, you need to catch the fourth, fifth, and & nbsp; t. & Nbsp; d.
Players can also pre-negotiate one or more of the & nbsp; additional rules:
a) the driver does not have the right to grease (touch with a hand) whoever before & nbsp; did it himself
b) “ hands, feet, head no & nbsp; it doesn't matter & # 39; & nbsp; & mdash; touch & nbsp; hands, feet and & nbsp; the head is not & nbsp; is considered
c) “ above (below) the ground & # 39; & # 39; & nbsp; & mdash; the fleeing player can stand on & nbsp; a stump or any other place above (below) ground level and & nbsp; thus acquire temporary immunity.
And & nbsp; who is the winner?
Depending on & nbsp; conditions, the game may never & nbsp; end. Players can switch roles an infinite number of times and & nbsp; keep playing. Therefore, you can first agree on the & nbsp; delay, after which they count how many times who was the driver. & Nbsp; which has less than & nbsp; & mdash; that one and & nbsp; won.
Intrigue Direct line with the President of the Russian Federation June 30, 2021
On June 30, during a direct line with the president, the professor of literature has asked the head of state to solve the problem of visiting exhibitions and theaters by schoolchildren who do not have this money. & nbsp; Vladimir Putin & nbsp; responded that the government is discussing the creation of a 'Pushkin card' through which schoolchildren can visit cultural institutions.
Who can get the card? & nbsp;
Young people between the ages of 14 and 22 will be able to use the card during September-December of this year and next year. As the Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation & nbsp; Olga Lyubimova noted earlier, the use of such a tool will aim to popularize cultural events throughout the country. & Nbsp;
“ Today we see how the poster of cultural events is replenished with new high quality content that is demanded by young people. & bdquo; Pushkin card & ldquo; gives you the opportunity to attend these events. The new financial instrument will attract the attention of even more young children aged 14-22 to the interesting projects of our institutions and become a great opportunity to join the rich cultural heritage of our country & # 39; s. & # 39 ;, & mdash; said Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation Olga Lyubimova.
According to her, such an initiative will become not only another measure of support for all types of cultural institutions in this difficult time, but also a great challenge in their work.
This year it is planned to attract over a million young people who bought at least one ticket.
How do I get a card?
It is expected that each participant in the program will be given a card. He will have 5,000 rubles for a calendar year (in the pilot year 2021 this amount will be 3,000 rubles). The funds can be spent to purchase tickets for federal, regional and even private cultural institutions.
Tickets can be purchased in a convenient electronic app, where you can also find a poster of events, special promotions and interactive projects. In addition, the entire directory and plans of exhibitions of cultural institutions will be published on the portal “ PRO.Kultura.rf & # 39; & # 39 ;.
What are the advantages offered to schoolchildren and students when visiting museums?
According to the decision of the Ministry of Culture, from January 1, 2015, children under 18 can visit federal museums for free. Regional museums have their own rules. There is no unified system for granting student benefits; you need to know the cost of the discounted tickets and the procedure to get them in each individual case.
Information on holding events with free access to museums can be found on the website of the Moscow Ministry of Culture. & Nbsp;
When visiting museums, it should also be borne in mind that on the third Sunday of the month, entry to museums supervised by the ministry is always free for all visitors.
What are the benefits for students when visiting theaters?
Subject to availability, students can visit 88 theaters of the Moscow City Department of Culture free of charge. You must show up at the theater half an hour before the start, not forgetting your student card. If there are too many applicants, priority is given to students of theater universities.
For a minimum price & mdash; 100 rubles & mdash; full-time students of Russian universities can attend performances of the Bolshoi Theater, a limited number of tickets are allocated to them.
Land Detention of Roscosmos chief adviser Ivan Safronov in case of treason
The Moscow City Court on Wednesday extended the detention sentence of the Roscosmos chief adviser , ex-journalist from Kommersant; and Vedomosti Ivan Safronov, accused of high treason, reports TASS.
The court granted the request for an investigation and extended Safronov's detention until October 7. & nbsp;
Recall that Safronov was arrested in July of last year … He is suspected of working for the Czech special services since 2012. & nbsp;
On April 30, the Lefortovo court in Moscow extended Safronov & # 39; s arrest until July 7. On the same day, the FSB arrested the main lawyer Safronov, head of the human rights association of journalists and lawyers Team 29. Ivan Pavlov. He is suspected of having disclosed data from the preliminary investigation.
It has also been reported that an FSB investigator offered Safronov to cooperate in exchange for a call from his mother. This is what the lawyer for the accused Dmitry Katchev said.
Plot Direct line with the President of the Russian Federation June 30, 2021
On June 30, Russian President Vladimir Putin leads another direct line. Responding to the question of why Ukraine is not included in the list of hostile countries, the head of state said he sees Russians and Ukrainians as one people. Putin compared the Russians and Ukrainians to the Jews settled all over the planet.
Mordovka. End of the 18th century. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org
“ Black people come from Africa to Israel '' and still Jews. And some speak Yiddish, not Hebrew. And always & mdash; Jewish people. We have Mordovians, there is Erzya, Moksha. They all consider themselves to be Mordvins. They speak the language of a group. Erzya and Moksha do not understand each other. Their languages differ more than Russian and Ukrainian. But they value unity. Why? They are smart, and they understand that fragmentation weakens an ethnicity ',' ' said the president.
What do we know about the Mordovian ethnicity? & nbsp;
The origins of the Mordovian ethnicity can be traced back to the period when the ancient Mordovian tribal family began to take shape, which received in the first millennium AD. renamed under the ethnic name Mordens, Mordvichi, Mordva. In Russian chronicles, Mordva was first mentioned in the list of peoples of the Middle Volga region. The origin of this name is associated with words from Iranian languages, which mean 'man, man.'
The very name “ Mordovians '' has long been used by the Mordovian population and is used to refer to two groups initially close to each other in language and culture, but nevertheless having different ethnic identity groups & mdash; moksha and erzya. The Erzya and Moksha languages are similar, but have serious lexical and grammatical differences. & Nbsp;
In the Republic of Mordovia, Moksha is mainly settled in the western regions, and Erzya & mdash; to the east, in the basin of the Moksha and Sura rivers, as well as the Volga and Belaya.
Mokshane, Moksha & mdash; an ethnic group of Mordovians speaking one of the two Mordovian languages of the Volga-Finnish subgroup of the Finno-Ugric branch. The group was formed in II & ndash; IV centuries. n.m. e. The first mention of Moksha is found in the 13th century sources & mdash; in the notes of the Flemish traveling brother Wilhelm de Rubruck among the peoples conquered by Genghis Khan, the Moxel people are named. In the 14th century chronicles, Moksha is mentioned as one of the peoples of the Middle Volga region conquered by the Tatars. The name of the ethnicity is associated with the name of the Moksha River, which flows through the original territory of the Mordovian-Moksha settlement.
Mokshan is attributed to the Uralic race, within which the inhabitants of Moksha are attributed to the sub-Ural subtype. Mokshas often have dark, Mongoloid-like skin. They are genetically close to their neighbors: Mari, Tatars, Tchouvaches.
Most of the Mokshans are Orthodox Christians, there are also Lutherans and followers of the traditional religion (Mokshen Koy). A distinct ethnic group of Mokshans is the karatai living in the Kamsko-Ust & # 39; insky region of the Republic of Tatarstan. They speak the Tatar dialect with a mixture of the Mokshan language.
According to the 1989 census, 180,000 Mokshans lived in the Republic of Mordovia, the rest live outside its borders, in various regions and republics of Central Russia, the Volga region and Siberia. According to the 2010 All-Russian Population Census, 4,767 people called themselves Mokshans.
According to the researchers, the writer and director had Vasily Shukshin moksha roots. His paternal (Shukshins) and maternal (Popovs) ancestors from the village of Tolkayevka, where before the revolution 95% of the inhabitants were Mordovians-Moksha.
Erzya. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org/Jurnaliste d & # 39; Erzianj
Who are the crazy people? & Nbsp;
Erzya & mdash; ethnic group of Mordovians. The first mention of Erzians is contained in a letter from the Khazar Khagan Joseph (X century). According to ethnographers, the origin of the word 'erzya' remains unclear, but the most acceptable hypothesis as to its borrowing from Iranian languages (compare to Old Persian ar & scaron; a “ male, husband; bull, boar; hero, hero ''). & nbsp;
In the early Middle Ages, the Erzya resisted the Khazars, Pechenegs and Polovtsians. It is believed that Nizhny Novgorod was founded on the site of a former settlement in Erzya, and the name Ryazan comes from the distorted Erzya word 'Erzya', which means' inhabitant ''. In the 13th century, unlike the Mokshans who submitted to the Golden Horde, the Erzya retreated north, hiding in dense forests. In the 17th century, Erzya existed in the Urals, in the Southern Urals and Trans-Volga regions. & Nbsp;
Erzyan belongs to the Caucasian race, of the White Sea-Baltic type. Erzans differ from Mokshans in their higher stature, Caucasian features, and the predominance of light shades of hair and eyes. By physique, the Mokshans are stronger, stockier, and Erzya & mdash; slim and tall.
Erzya has long held various pagan beliefs. They believed in the existence of a single god Ineshkipaz & mdash; the creator of all things. & nbsp;
According to the 2010 census, the number of Erzyens is 57,008 people. One of the representatives of the people is Natalia Vodianova , who has Erzya roots. The famous Soviet singer Lidiya Ruslanova also has Erzian roots on the maternal side.
The crew of the Kolpino submarine conducted complex exercises against the backdrop of NATO ships entering the Black Sea, reports the press service of the Fleet of the Black Sea black Sea.
The submariners have worked out the algorithms of actions to control the submarine as it surfaces and dives under usual conditions and emergency options.
In addition, the crew of the submarine held a training session, during which the in-depth personnel developed an element to clear a hole and prepare for it. evacuation through a torpedo tube. & Nbsp;
Recall that on June 26, the American guided-missile destroyer USS Ross headed for the Black Sea, where it will participate in the annual Sea Breeze exercise, which began on the 28th. June. In addition, the event will involve ships from 32 countries, 5,000 military personnel and 40 aircraft.
In the Mediterranean Sea, joint exercises of the forces of the permanent operational training of the Navy and the aviation of the Aerospace Forces were held.
The crews of the ships worked out the tasks of repelling an attack by enemy air means and air defense training, training flights accompanied by fighters. Particular attention was paid to the fight against the planes, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles of the imaginary enemy. In addition, during training flights, aeronautical technology and equipment are tested under harsh climatic conditions, especially those caused by exposure to high temperatures and the possibility of long flights above the sea. water surface.
The Attorney General's Office of the Russian Federation has recognized the activities of the international non-governmental organization (NGO) Spolecnost Svobody Informace, ZS as undesirable in Russia, the press service reported of the department.
The text clarifies that the decision on the recognition of undesirable activities on the territory of the Russian Federation by the NGO Spolecnost Svobody Informace, ZS (“ Society for Freedom of Information, zs & # 39; ; & # 39 ;, Czech Republic), adopted on June 29 “ on the basis of the results of the study of the documents received. & # 39; & # 39;
The Prosecutor's Office noted that the organization's activities pose a threat to the foundations of the constitutional order and security of Russia.
Information about the decision has been sent to the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation. The information will be included in the list of foreign and international non-governmental organizations whose activities are recognized as undesirable in Russia.
Previously, the Attorney General's office established that the educational organization Bard College threatened the foundations of the constitutional order and security of the Russian Federation and recognized that it is undesirable in Russia.
We add that the State Duma has toughened the responsibility for involvement in unwanted NGOs. Criminal liability is foreseen for such activities on the territory of Russia.
Locusts attacked the Novopokrovsky farm in the Primorsko-Akhtarsky district of the Krasnodar Territory.
Insects destroy alfalfa, beets and corn. According to local residents, an invasion of such magnitude is taking place for the first time. The press service of the administration of the Primorsko-Akhtarsky region reported that 3,200 hectares of fields were cultivated. This partially contained the invasion. In total, 36 outbreaks of the Moroccan locust and 32 & mdash; Asian migratory locust.
The locust gnaws at the leaves of plants, gnaws at the base of the stems, gnaws at the ears of cereals and gnaws at unripe grains, and in trees and vines gnaws at them.