Next Tuesday the air temperature in the Moscow region could drop 10-15 degrees at a time, writes Rossiyskaya & nbsp; Newspaper.
This was reported during a conversation with the correspondents of the newspaper Head of the laboratory of the Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation Lyudmila Parshina.
According to her, on Monday the region is expected to hit 31 degrees Celsius, but thermometers could drop to plus 22-27 degrees on Tuesday.
When Parshina noted that a further increase in temperature is expected in Moscow. According to preliminary calculations, on Wednesday, June 30, the air could heat up to plus 30 degrees.
Additionally, the forecaster said that on Monday and Tuesday there could be local rains, as short-term subtropical heat weakening is expected.
Earlier, the scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center, Roman Vilfand, said a dangerous level of ultraviolet radiation would be recorded in Moscow by the end of this week. He also warned residents of the capital about the dangers of long exposure to direct sunlight during this time.
The scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center Roman Vilfand said that the dangerous level of ultraviolet radiation will remain in Moscow until the end of this week. The situation is that in temperate latitudes the ultraviolet radiation reaches six or seven years, which is a rather dangerous value.
Vilfand noted that in the Moscow region, ultraviolet radiation will be in this range until the end of this week.
He also warned residents of the capital about the dangers of being in direct sunlight for a long time during this time.
Earlier, Vilfand said that the 1948 temperature record was also broken in Moscow on June 24. During the day, the air temperature in the city reached 33.8 degrees.
The Russian side is ready to consider the provision of S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems and Pantsir-S1 anti-aircraft missile and gun systems; Belarus, reports TASS.
This was stated by the first deputy director of the FSMTC of Russia Andrei Boytsov during a conversation with reporters at the MILEX-2021 weapons exhibition, which has held in the Belarusian capital from June 23 to 26.
According to him, upon receipt of a corresponding appeal from the Belarusian side, this matter will be resolved as soon as possible.
At the same time, Boytsov noted that Belarus is also interested in Russian air defense systems and fighter jets.
According to the deputy director of the service, the interaction between Moscow and Minsk in this area is dynamic and also offers real prospects for development.
Earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that more than 70% of the anti-aircraft missile regiments of the Russian aerospace forces were rearmed on modern S-400 systems. The head of state also announced the successful testing of the S-500 anti-aircraft missile system.
India's First Deputy Defense Minister Ajay Kumar expressed the Indian side's willingness to work towards strengthening cooperation and strategic partnership with Russia in the future. & nbsp; & nbsp;
He made such a statement following a meeting with the Deputy Defense Minister of the Russian Federation Colonel General Alexander Fomin on the sidelines of the Moscow Conference on international security, reports the Russian Defense Ministry. & nbsp;
“ I have highlighted the long-term strategic relationship between India and Russia, and we hope to continue and strengthen this relationship in the years to come & # 39; & # 39 ;, & ndash; Kumar said. & nbsp;
He also said that he shared in a bilateral meeting the pandemic experience of the Indian armed forces, including the industrial and industrial ecosystem. innovation that the republic created specifically to fight against the proliferation of the coronavirus. & nbsp;
In addition, Fomin and Kumar discussed current issues of cooperation between the two countries in the military and military-technical fields. It is specified that the meeting took place in a warm and friendly atmosphere in the spirit of a particularly privileged strategic partnership. & Nbsp;
Weekly “Arguments and facts” № 25. Difficult task. Where does the education come from? 06/23/2021
The restoration lasted 10 & nbsp; years.
“This is a much anticipated event, because the titanic work of the restaurateurs has been done”, & nbsp; & hyphen ; noted during the & nbsp; opening ceremony of the halls Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation & nbsp; Olga Lyubimova .
Now tourists can admire the & nbsp; Plaster room, which opens the eastern part of the front suite of the Chinese Palace, the so-called half of the Catherine II. The & nbsp; Small Chinese study has become available, & nbsp; in which the painted silk is combined with & nbsp; contrasting geometric patterns.
The 18th century finishes have been preserved in the plaster room. Photo: Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation
Plot Detention of Roscosmos chief adviser Ivan Safronov in case of treason
The FSB investigator suggested to the chief adviser of Roscosmos, Ivan Safronov, accused of treason, to cooperate in exchange for an appeal from his mother, said lawyer Dmitry Katchev.
According to him, Safronov refused such a proposal, reports TASS.
Katchev said that before the arrest, his client called his mother several times a day, and it is very important for him to communicate with her
L & # 39; The lawyer said the defense views the investigator's proposal as an act of pressure on Safronov. “ This suggests that the investigation in my client's case is at an impasse, and the only way to get the evidence needed for the investigation is through pressure, '' ; & ndash; Katchev said.
Recall that Safronov was arrested on July 7, 2020. He is responsible for transmitting classified information on Russian military-technical cooperation and the “ defense industry '' 39; one of NATO's special services. According to the defense of the adviser to the head of Roskosmos, Safronov has been suspected of working for the Czech special services since 2012.
In May, the Moscow City Court recognized the extension of Safronov's arrest in the case of treason as legal.
Britney Spears 39 years old, almost 13 of them she is in the care of her father James Spears and his assistants, but recently the singer decided to change that and testified in court, where she shared many shocking details about her difficult relationship with her parents. & nbsp; & nbsp;
Britney rose to popularity at a fairly young age, but if the singer's career could only be envied, then her personal life didn't even cause a shadow of envy. At the beginning & nbsp; she had a rather difficult breakup with her first boyfriend and official colleague Justin Timberlake, then & mdash; divorce from & nbsp; Kevin Federline which resulted in the loss of custody of his two children, born to a dancer. Son Sean and Jaden They started living with their father for a reason, the point is that the artist was suspected of being addicted to alcohol and illegal substances, so they were forced to take tests regular for alcohol and drugs in the blood. One of them Britney 'failed' and, although the artist's attorney tried to prove that his client was only on medication, thus solving asthma and sleep issues, Spears lost custody of the heirs. Apparently it was the last straw, Britney's nerves gave way and she ended up in the psychiatric ward of one of the Los Angeles medical centers, where she was declared temporarily unfit . It was then that James Spears took the reins in his own hands, becoming his daughter's guardian, first for several months, then indefinitely. & Nbsp;
When dad & mdash; enemy
At first, looking at Spears, one couldn't even assume that her father's guardianship was a burden on her, although such rumors circulated. She returned to work: she recorded new albums, performed, received music awards, graced the covers of the most prestigious publications. Things were going so well that in 2009 Britney was among the top 5 highest paid musicians according to Billboard magazine. The singer lived in a nonstop rhythm for almost ten years and it was not until the beginning of 2019 that she took a break, since her father was hospitalized . At the same time, saying that James Spears not only cares for his daughter, but is in control of her entire life, has led to yet another fan activation of the star and the previously created #FreeBritney movement, including her. main objective was to free Britney from custody. and regain his personal and financial independence. Fans unanimously insisted that without the singer's father, she would have long married and had children by her boyfriend: coach Sam Asgari who she met while filming the music video for the song 'Slumber Party' back in 2016. By the way, Sam clearly had no sympathy for the potential stepfather and confirmed the rumors that every step of his beloved was under his father's close supervision. “I want everyone to know that I don't have a shred of respect for the person who tries to control our relationship and is constantly putting obstacles in our way”, & mdash; the coach spoke about James. & nbsp;
Health issues again forced the singer's father to relinquish custody of his daughter, or rather, he simply delegated his powers to another person, but it didn't change anything in the life of the singer. ;artist. “ They are still monitoring if she is pregnant, if she is getting married, who she is friends with and other important matters, '' & mdash; the star's makeup artist said last October. As for Britney herself, she only recently decided to tell the whole truth. The singer's monologue, which only lasted about twenty minutes, shocked the whole world.
I was lying
On June 23 of this year, Spears first decided herself to appear in court in the case against her father, but she did so from a distance. What has been happening to her for many years, she compared it to real abuse and admitted that she has been going through a difficult time in her life for a long time. “ I lied to the whole world, saying I was happy and everything was fine. I am not happy and not well, I cannot sleep, I am depressed, I cry everyday & # 39; & # 39 ;, & mdash; the singer confessed. According to the artist, her father forced her to take the stage even when she was ill, controlling her daughter's finances and love affairs, as well as the treatment. So Britney had to drink lithium which completely robbed her of her strength and connection to reality. “I felt like I was constantly drunk. In such a state, I could not defend myself. Even maintaining a conversation with my mom or dad was extremely difficult. I was scared & raquo ;, & mdash; recalled the star. Naturally, the singer's main request was to be released from her father's custody. Spears also said that she has long dreamed of starting a new family, but since she started dating Asgari, James has reportedly gone out of his way to thwart her plans. “ I had an intrauterine device inserted to prevent me from getting pregnant. Now I want to get married and have a baby. I wanted to get out of the spiral and become a mother, but the tutor wouldn't allow me to do that ',' ' complained to Britney. & nbsp;
The whole time the hearing was going on, the same followers of the #FreeBritney movement stood by the walls of the apartment building where the trial in the Spears case took place, plus , the star was supported by several of her colleagues: Justin Timberlake, Mariah Carey, Rose McGowan and others. 'After what we've seen today we should all be supporting Britney during this time. Regardless of our past, good or bad, and no matter how long it's been… What is happening to him is just plain wrong. No woman should be limited in making decisions about her own body ',' ' Justin wrote about & nbsp; Twitter.
In response to Britney's heartbreaking story, James Spears 'attorney said his client was' sorry to see his daughter in pain. & # 39; & # 39; But the singer is sure otherwise and is now trying to convince the whole world of it.
In the administrative districts of Troitsk and Novomoskovsk (TyNAO), more than 100 cases of unauthorized restriction of access to water bodies have been revealed in five years , as a result of which more than 8 hectares of coastal zone were released.
Comment reported Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Economic Policy and Real Estate and Land Relations Vladimir Efimov , now residents can freely use this area for recreation or sports.
“ Every inhabitant has the right to access public water bodies and can use them free of charge for their personal and household needs. For five years, more than 100 cases of unauthorized restriction of access to water bodies and self-seizure of the territory were suppressed in TinaO. As a result, access to rivers and ponds over an area of more than 8 hectares has been created. In addition, every sixth violation has been voluntarily eliminated, '', & mdash; the deputy mayor said.
Moscow & mdash; it is a city in which each of its inhabitants should be comfortable and cozy, in which they like to relax. This is one of the main priorities of the capital development program, announced by Mayor Sergei Sobyanin . “ We are creating a city with a man at the center. Every resident of Moscow & raquo ;, & mdash; he stressed.
There are 47 rivers, more than 250 ponds and about 120 streams in the territory of the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative regions. The largest of these are the Pakhra, Setun, Desna, Sosenka and Polyanitsa rivers. A strip of land along the coastline of the water bodies is intended for general use, and every citizen, according to the law, has the right to freely access this territory and can use it for recreational, recreational and sport fishing and mooring equipment floaters.
Photo: Shutterstock.com/Studio MDF
“ However, users of land near water bodies disregard these standards and arbitrarily take over coastal territory. These include installing fences and restricting access to water. For five years, at the request of the specialists of the State Real Estate Inspection, in total, more than 1000 meters of fences and fences were dismantled, & # 39; & # 39; ; & mdash; reported the head of the control department Vladislav Ovchinsky .
For example, last year only 10 of these violations were dealt with. In particular, free access to the waterfall of ponds in the village of Klenovskoye, the village of Svitino, has been provided. The violation was reported by local residents. As a result, at the request of the State Real Estate Inspectorate, the illegally installed fences were dismantled and the coastal protection strip of the waterfall of ponds in the village of Svitino has been released.
Coastal protection tape & mdash; this is an area adjacent to the coastline and on which further restrictions are introduced as to the mode of use. Such an area is established in order to avoid pollution of the reservoir, as well as to preserve a favorable environment for fish, animals and plants. The width of the coastal protection strip is set at fifty meters from the reservoir.
Control of the use of territories adjacent to water bodies is carried out throughout the year.
Weekly “Arguments and facts” № 25. Difficult task. Where does the education come from? 06/23/2021
The 'Al Kapotnya' series designed for the younger generation. But & nbsp; how much is there a carpet! How can you show such a thing to young people? Can I make a complaint to the creators of the series?
Expert response 0 + –
lawyer Alexander Dobrovinsky answers:
& mdash; & nbsp; There are commissions on & nbsp; TV that allow the series to go to & nbsp; to air or not let go. Films with language & nbsp; obscene are not broadcast on & nbsp; federal channels. If you & nbsp; have watched this series and not & nbsp; & nbsp; on the & nbsp; federal channel, then the channel received this permission on & nbsp ;. Therefore, the claim here is not to & nbsp; creators. You can express your opinion to the commission, which did not take into account the amount of mate. But & nbsp; I & nbsp; do not understand why the reader had a question only about youth? And & nbsp; why don't you care about retirees? Does mate have a good effect on retirees? If you & nbsp; suddenly want to sue someone, you need to take legal action only against the organization that issued the authorization for & nbsp; broadcast this series.
Weekly “Arguments and facts” № 25. Difficult task. Where does the education come from? 06/23/2021
What claims are made to the Unified State Exam and is it time to go back to the Soviet knowledge test
In 2001, a unified state exam was introduced in & nbsp; parts of Russia on an experimental basis. And & nbsp; all these 20 years on & nbsp; the USE debate does not calm down. And & nbsp; recently, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on & nbsp; Education and & nbsp; Science Maxim Zaitsev expressed himself very categorically: “ The review was not justified. '' So, will the Russian school return to the Soviet system of testing and assessing knowledge?
High stakes exam
So what's the fate of the Unified State Review? And & nbsp; the most that this form of knowledge test has provided & nbsp; & ndash; good or bad ?
In & nbsp; answers & nbsp; & ndash; cross, and & nbsp; knowledge & nbsp; & ndash; nothing?
Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Pyotr Tolstoy Recently spoke out for the cancellation of the Unified State Exam: “ The testing system has led to the & nbsp; the fact that the older & shy; graders 2 & ndash; 3 years are trained with & nbsp; filling in machine-readable texts, so that they put the crosses correctly, and & nbsp; subjects that should be taught are not taught. It is not true that the Unified State Exam helps talented kids in the province get into college. In order for a child to enter a university, a tutor is required. In Soviet times there was & nbsp; 4 times fewer students, and & nbsp; the quality of education was & nbsp; 4 times higher. The deputy calls for a return to the practice of written and oral exams on the type of those that existed in the Soviet school. Generally speaking, the State Duma regularly raises the question of the annulment of the USE. And & nbsp; in the early years, when this type of examination was gradually introduced across the country, prominent scientists opposed it.
However, among teachers, students, and parents, there are far fewer opponents of USE. The teacher of Russian language and & nbsp; literature of & nbsp; Mineralnye Vody Tatyana Boyko suggests to those who believe that the Unified State Exam & nbsp; & ndash; this is a guessing game, and the & nbsp; guardians train children on the & nbsp; choosing the correct answers, just open the real version of the exam (they can be found on the FIPI website, in the print collections). “ You will understand that it is impossible to train someone who does not understand the essence of the matter, & nbsp; & ndash; she says. & nbsp; & ndash; At first the exam was very flawed. Now there are no more guesses even in the test portion of & nbsp;, detailed written answers are required. & # 39; & # 39;
I agree with & nbsp; and & nbsp; the head of the department of the Center for the Development of Educational Strategy, Moscow State University. Lomonosov Constantine Ziskin : “ The nightmares that existed around the Unified State Exam 10 years ago (draining responses to the internet and total cheating, USE tourism, when kids a few months before & nbsp; The exam have been transferred to remote rural schools and others. & nbsp; & nbsp; & ndash; Ed.), have now been overcome. It's clear that when a new thing is introduced, something goes wrong. The 'childhood illnesses', which were in the & nbsp; USE, in & nbsp; including reckless tasks and & nbsp; erroneous, are more or less treated. We are learning to work with it. And & nbsp; now there is not a single documented fact that the influence of the review has been negative. It is ridiculous to say that the kids got dumber after its introduction. And how did you measure the level of stupidity? Where are the numbers, the arguments? And & nbsp; since they are not there, this is a conversation of the & nbsp; series “ in grandmothers at the & nbsp; shop. & # 39; & # 39; I agree, there are a lot of complaints about the organization of the Unified State Review. But dynamics show that these processes are improving. & # 39; & # 39; & Nbsp;
On the review & ndash; in good conscience and without the omniscient Yandex and Google. Photo: AGN Moscow
3 exams instead of 20
Nevertheless, despite the lack of evidence of the harmfulness of the exam, there are regularly those who propose back to & nbsp; soviet graduation system and entrance exams.
“ But then let's at least decide where we'll go back, & nbsp; & ndash; continues K. Ziskin. & nbsp; & ndash; Are we going back to the late 1980s, the late 1960s? Or maybe in the 19th century gymnasium? By the word & nbsp; there were a lot of positive things in & nbsp; latest. And & nbsp; would always be nice to explain why you have to go back. When I have finished my studies in & nbsp; 1989 I first had to pass 7 & ndash; 8 exams at & nbsp; at school, and & nbsp; then 3 & ndash; 4 others in & nbsp; university. To & nbsp; while, if a candidate in a & nbsp; particular university did not pass the competition, so he could not transfer his exams from one university to another, and & nbsp; had to start over again. My father, who graduated from the 444th Moscow School of Mathematics in & nbsp; 1965 (one of the best, to put it mildly), managed to pass 16 entrance exams over the summer, not counting the school ones . By & nbsp; four in & nbsp; several universities & nbsp; & ndash; Baumanku, Phystech (in two different faculties), Moscow State University Mechanical and Mathematics Evening and & nbsp; t. e. Now the school's graduates pass 3 & ndash; 4 exams (if you wish, you can also & nbsp; more), the results of which can be submitted to a & nbsp; competition for & nbsp; admission in & nbsp; five universities, and & nbsp; in each & nbsp; & ndash; for & nbsp; several specialties (at least two, maximum ten & nbsp; & ndash; depends on the university).
All the developed countries of the world & nbsp; & ndash; United States, Great Britain and & nbsp; many others & ndash; have an analogue of the exam. And & nbsp; when in our country this initiative was introduced 20 years ago by the then Deputy Minister of Education Viktor Bolotov (now & nbsp; & ndash; Scientific Director of the Center for Monitoring the Quality of Education, National Research University Higher School of Economics), he and & nbsp; his associates were guided by this model. Of course, everywhere there are historical features of the final attestation of schoolchildren. But in general and & nbsp; in general, this is a global trend. & Nbsp;
The main thing is to put the crosses correctly. Photo: AGN Moscow
The main thing & nbsp; & ndash; The Unified State Exam sometimes reduced the degree of corruption when entering universities. Yes, you can hire a tutor to coach your child to the Unified State Exam. But it will not be able to influence the result of the exam & nbsp; & nbsp; & ndash; paint on the scores, suggest the correct answer to the & nbsp; entrance exams, as was the case before, when the same tutors were seated at the & nbsp; university admissions office & nbsp; helped register the right children. And the results of graduation exams were often biased. If the teacher loves the student, this is a situation. Otherwise & nbsp; & ndash; another. And & nbsp; the notes on & nbsp; these reviews could not be rechecked or challenged. And & nbsp; Now if, say, a graduate thinks they've been given less points on USE than they deserve, you can go for it. to appeal and & nbsp; trying to get justice.
Of course, there is now also a corruption mechanism to enter universities via the Olympics. There is also a nifty system with targeted recruitment, when under the guidance of regional authorities, health institutions, education, large companies, applicants can enter university through a separate competition with & nbsp; Lower usage scores. One way or another, the workarounds have been trampled on, but they are fewer and there are fewer workarounds. enjoy it & nbsp; & ndash; more difficult.
Konstantin Ziskin is convinced that the scores & nbsp; USE should not be used to judge & nbsp; children's knowledge level.
“ I don't understand why some people think that if a student is preparing for exams in & nbsp; physics, chemistry, mathematics, Russian language, etc. etc., then suddenly he will know these topics better, & nbsp; & ndash; he asks himself. & nbsp; & ndash; We are told: here, they say, children learn the exam and & nbsp; while they don't know anything. And & nbsp; who checked it out? If a child wants to learn something, he will learn it that way, without exam. And & nbsp; if you don't want to, or, for example, you have a bad teacher in & nbsp; in school, then the exams won't help you. USE, entrance exams & nbsp; & ndash; this is a competitive process. They do not draw any line under & nbsp; what knowledge the child received in 11 years at & nbsp; school. There are many competitions, for example a singing competition. The man got ready, came, sang. Did not work & nbsp; & ndash; went to & nbsp; next year. And & nbsp; depends a lot on the competition under & nbsp; the name of the exam. It's not for nothing that it's called the high stakes review. Complain about & nbsp; the subject of what was better before, rather of & nbsp; area of psychological problems. It is hardly possible to enter the same river twice. You have to move forward, and & nbsp; not back. And & nbsp; to separate the review as an idea and & nbsp; how successfully it has been implemented. & Nbsp;
Pass the Unified State Exam in Russian language. Photo: AGN Moscow
In & nbsp; this meaning, the question “ how can you improve the exam? & # 39; & # 39; seems much more constructive.
“ 20 years & nbsp; & ndash; It's a long enough time to figure out how to conjure any business, & nbsp; & ndash; states the director of the Institute for Educational Development of the Graduate School of Economics of the National Research University Irina Abankina. & nbsp; & ndash; Now it is already clear which side the USE needs to turn to in order to modernize it. Today's Unified State Exam focuses exclusively on subject knowledge. It is necessary to give graduates the opportunity to take exams not only in school subjects. Let's say they can demonstrate computer or financial knowledge, for example, in the form of their own development, a project that builds on knowledge of multiple topics. And & nbsp; no longer take separately company & timid; knowledge or physics, biology. So far, the exam does not take into account the competence of the 'four K's'. & nbsp; & ndash; critical thinking, creativity, communication skills and & nbsp; collaboration (collaboration). And & nbsp; is just a person's ability to make decisions, compare options and nbsp; justify these decisions.
The second fundamental point & nbsp; & ndash; to give graduates the opportunity to take the exam repeatedly on & nbsp; throughout the 11th grade in & nbsp; independent centers. They can be organized and & nbsp; on the basis of schools. The person feels prepared, & nbsp; & ndash; then he can go and & nbsp; hand over. If something didn't work & ndash; prepare again and resume. And & nbsp; then choose the best results for & nbsp; admission to & nbsp; university. Now the review & ndash; like the last time in life. Everyone walks in formation in & nbsp; one day and & nbsp; write. As a result, the stress level is such that many score much lower than on & nbsp; who really know the subject. The results are largely determined by the randomness & nbsp; & ndash; I felt bad that day, worried, the sun was shining in the window, suffocation, heat and & nbsp; t. It is necessary to transfer the examination from a stressful procedure to an ordinary and measured procedure. At & nbsp;, we like to say that the review & nbsp; & ndash; This is a high stakes exam. You don't need those high stakes. Give guys the chance to try, try, fix the result. We are not playing for relegation. You don't have to go through the playoffs all the time. There is a need to replace the exam with transparent digital technologies and & nbsp; understandable. & # 39; & # 39; & Nbsp;
'Distant' Do learners start from knowledge?
Russian pupils of the ninth grade of & nbsp; this year failed at the EMB in & nbsp; mathematics. “ Fail '' number for the review increased sharply in & nbsp; compared to & nbsp; 2019 & nbsp; g. Is this reflected in the & nbsp; academic performance and & nbsp; the depth of knowledge of distance learning, or isn't that the only reason?
Instead of courses & nbsp; & ndash; cabins
The failure of the & nbsp; exam in & nbsp; mathematics is reported by many areas. Thus, in & nbsp; Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug in & nbsp; this year the number of 'unsuccessful' on the first attempt to switch the OGE to & nbsp; mathematics passed to & nbsp; 25%, and & nbsp; in some schools in the district & nbsp; & ndash; up to & nbsp; 50%. By & nbsp; for example, in & nbsp; Surgut, the review of & nbsp; math failed 1700 & nbsp; people. Fortunately, the results of the recovery were much better. Some educators are inclined to blame the & nbsp; geometry included in the exam for & nbsp; poor grades. Others think it was the effect of the distance.
“ Written homework, lessons not learned … In person you always see the student's eyes and & nbsp; are ready to come & nbsp; help, and & nbsp; from a distance, the attitude towards & nbsp; the study of the child himself and of & nbsp; his parents, understanding that here and & nbsp; ; now the future is decided And & nbsp; not everyone has such an understanding, & nbsp; & ndash; complains a math teacher from & nbsp; Khanty-Mansiysk Irina Kurkovskaya .
In remote areas of the Kaliningrad region. the remote is considered a bad dream. The teachers literally had to spend the night at the & nbsp; work to prepare the homework written for & nbsp; each class. Twice a week, school bus drivers delivered packages with 'homework'. in & nbsp; villages where there is no internet. & nbsp;
“ Everyone was as sophisticated as they can get, & nbsp; & ndash; told in spring 2020 & nbsp; g. journalists from 'AiF' Irina Uprivanova of & nbsp; Filippovka. & nbsp; & ndash; I & nbsp; works at & nbsp; Pravdinsk, where there is internet. I took notebooks with & nbsp; lessons with & nbsp;, taken photos and & nbsp; sent them to the teacher for & nbsp; check. The other parents had to storm the bus stop, where they brought packages with chores from school.
In the village of Soldatovo, in the Pravdinsky district, the children went to “ catch the Internet '' at the edge of the field, fortunately, not far from the Polish border. In warm weather, under the oaks, they set up a hut, immediately did their homework.
“ During the time of the retreat, the children fell behind. Judging by & nbsp; my schoolgirls & ndash; one in & nbsp; 5th, another in & nbsp; 8th grade, & nbsp; & ndash; said the village chief Alexandre Selin . & nbsp; & ndash; A & nbsp; Kaliningrad, the system hung, what about & nbsp; us! At first, the children were happy & nbsp; & ndash; no need to study. And & nbsp; when classes have resumed and & nbsp; started to catch up, the joy soon subsided. History, biology can still be read and & nbsp; understood, but & nbsp; with algebra the german language will not work. There are a lot of loopholes, the old ones cling to the new. One can only sympathize with those who are now passing the exams. & # 39; & # 39;
Did you forget how to study?
“ Alas, the problem of school inequality & nbsp; & ndash; staff and & nbsp; digital & nbsp; & ndash; registered, & nbsp; & ndash; declares the principal of the Moscow school number & nbsp; 109, Honored Professor of the Russian Federation Evgeny Yamburg. & nbsp; & ndash; When the children of the villages of & nbsp; are forced to run to mobile towers to get tasks, & nbsp; & ndash; this is idiocy. The digital divide must be closed immediately. This decision has already been made. It is clear that in some schools the toilets are still in the yard. But the internet is more important now. & # 39; & # 39; & Nbsp;
However, according to the teacher's opinion, based on the results of the OGE it is not necessary to judge all schools and all students with stroke. “ It all depends on & nbsp; how the work was organized at the & nbsp; school during the pandemic, & nbsp; & ndash; continues E. & nbsp; Yamburg. & nbsp; & ndash; For example, my graduates from last year did better on their exams and received more medals than usual. There are such children & nbsp; & ndash; relatively speaking, “ quiet people '', introverts. When, during distance education, they worked in & nbsp; cats with the & nbsp; teachers who trained them, they were able to open up. They didn't hesitate to sound dumber than everyone else. And & nbsp; began to move from & nbsp; three to & nbsp; five & raquo ;.
So it is not worth blaming the fact that the students relaxed from a distance, only the children themselves. It all depends on the professionalism and desire of the teacher. The easiest way is to send tasks over the internet and check them. Past experience & nbsp; & ndash; this is a lesson for everyone. After all, the same & nbsp; & ndash; a great opportunity to conduct further education classes in remote areas, where there aren't as many teachers as in big cities. Or teach a lesson if the teacher is sick. By the way, in the capital, at the onset of the pandemic, the Moscow electronic school portal was already working, where tens of thousands of course scripts, electronic textbooks were collected, virtual laboratories were collected. been organized and & nbsp; t. & Nbsp; d. Therefore, we managed to pull ourselves out of a difficult situation with the least amount of casualties. & Nbsp; & nbsp;
The director of the Ecole du Futur proposes to refrain from sharp and unambiguous assessments in & nbsp; the village of Bolshoye Isakovo, Kaliningrad region. Alexei Golubitsky … “ The pandemic and & nbsp; forced distance, uneven timing of the organization of the educational process in & nbsp; during the year could not but affect the & nbsp; academic results of our students, & nbsp; & ndash; the expert considers. & nbsp; & ndash; Yes, highly motivated high school students performed even better than expected by both & nbsp; us and & nbsp ;. For example, the results of current use in & nbsp; literature and & nbsp; chemistry say a lot about it. The average score in these subjects is higher than in recent years. In contrast, the students who were & nbsp; and who were therefore poorly motivated encountered even more difficulties. And & nbsp; drives & nbsp; some school children have become worse than before pandemic. & Nbsp;
In addition & nbsp; that it is impossible not to take into account the psychological state of children and & nbsp; parents, distracted by constant changes and & nbsp; restrictions. “ The level of anxiety and aggression that all participants in the educational process experience & nbsp; & ndash; and & nbsp; teachers, and & nbsp; parents, and & nbsp; especially schoolchildren, & nbsp; & ndash; Alexey Golubitsky notes. & nbsp; & ndash; I really hope that next summer will allow everyone to relax, calm down, regain their strength & nbsp; & ndash; and & nbsp; and & nbsp; with renewed vigor and hopefully face-to-face to start the & nbsp; next academic year in order to fill the gaps that & nbsp; some unmotivated students may have.
How to improve the exam?
People's Professor of Russia, professor at the State Pedagogical University. Herzen, professor of Grigory Perelman and & nbsp; Stanislav Smirnov (Fields Prize winner) Sergei Rukshin:
& ndash; When the Unified State Review was introduced, one of the main ones was the slogan of justice. It was believed that such an exam would provide the opportunity to assess the knowledge of all children in Russia under a single procedure. However, for over 20 years it has not become a reliable and understandable mechanism for final certification in schools and admission to university of graduates from provinces. Why? First, the exam tasks differ significantly from the school curriculum, and & nbsp; means that the ability to complete them correctly depends on & nbsp; a number of circumstances. In many regions, up to & nbsp; 70 & ndash; 80% of students who showed high results did not prepare in a & nbsp; school, but according to an individual program. Therefore, the Unified State Exam still relies on the & nbsp; financial well-being of the family, reserves in the area, ready to provide qualified teachers for & nbsp; preparing specifically for the Unified State Exam.
Second, the Unified State Exam almost completely reformatted school education. Today, school, especially in the 12th grade classes, has ceased to be a tool for knowledge transfer. This is due to the fact that in the & nbsp; high school, many usually go to & nbsp; home schooling: why waste energy on & nbsp; “ extra & # 39; & # 39;, as it is believed, materials when you need them only get ready for & nbsp; three or four 'necessary'. As a result, young people do not receive an education within the school. & Nbsp;
The Unified State Examination had a disastrous influence on admission to universities. Due to the fact that now you can apply directly to & nbsp; five universities for & nbsp; several specialties, to & nbsp; VOENMEH, for example, not those who dreamed of building rockets and & nbsp; const & shy; build motor jets, but & nbsp; those with enough points … I know firsthand that universities and institutes suffer tremendously from the loss of oriented children.
What to do? It is necessary to separate exam from school and school from exam. Today the school issues a certificate for & nbsp; examination results, which is conducted by an external organization & nbsp; & ndash; Rosobrnadzor. Why do we trust teachers to teach our kids for 11 years, but don't give them the right to take an exam so they are responsible for knowing the students with their reputation? I believe state certification in all core disciplines should be done by the school itself. A & nbsp; final exams, written and & nbsp; oral, & nbsp; & ndash; pass with & nbsp; taking into account the exact requirements approved by the ministry. The exam should only remain a pass for admission to the university. Such a proposal resonated in & nbsp; 2014 to & nbsp; Congress of the All-Russian Popular Front in & nbsp; Penza, where President Putin was also present. On several occasions the bill has been submitted to the State Duma. Now & nbsp; & ndash; the next step in the discussion. I hope & nbsp; we will have enough strength and & nbsp; sagacity to make the right decision.
At the same time, the average USE score upon admission into the & nbsp; pedagogical universities & nbsp; & ndash; 68 and & nbsp; does not reach the & nbsp; average Russian, who is 69. What can these teachers teach children if they themselves need to be taught? >
– The main problem is not a high or low passing mark for those who want to master this craft, but it is that the teachers in the schools are very overwhelmed. They operate at & nbsp; on average at & nbsp; 1.4 & nbsp; rate. And & nbsp; is often & nbsp; more. They don't have the time or the energy to improve their skills. Not formally a place to sit on and nbsp; course and & nbsp; get crusts, but & nbsp; really engage in self-education, every day think about & nbsp; new tasks for & nbsp; children, new approaches to & nbsp; learning. This is the main reason why teachers don't increase their qualifications and over time they lose them. And & nbsp; due to fatigue, exhaustion, they are unable to work effectively. & Nbsp;
We recently analyzed the state of universities. And & nbsp; educational really fell into the category & nbsp; rather weak. For many years in our country there was a negative selection: when the weaker guys could not enter strong universities, they went to pedagogy. And & nbsp; weak specialists have left these universities. Yes, in recent years, USE scores in good pedagogical universities are increasing, and & nbsp; in general, the demand of & nbsp; areas such as education and pedagogy among students is increasing. But before & nbsp; the situation is still not very good. And & nbsp; when such not very strong teachers come to l & nbsp; school, then either they drop out quickly or they have to meet again the level required by very busy and hard working senior colleagues. It is no coincidence that in our follow-up 23% of teachers who have worked in schools for a long time said that young people should not come to school.
But that doesn't mean everything is going so badly with us at school. You just need to understand calmly, scrupulously & nbsp; what is happening, without blaming parents, students or teachers.